Urinary tract infections are caused by microbes such as bacteria overcoming the body's defenses in the urinary tract. They can affect the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that run between them The symptoms of a urinary tract infection can depend on age, gender, the presence of a catheter, and what part of the urinary tract has been infected.

Common symptoms of urinary tract infection include :

  • Strong and frequent urge to urinate
  • Cloudy, bloody, or strong smelling urine
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle aches and abdominal pains

Treatment of urinary tract infections

As urinary tract infections are normally caused by bacteria, they are most commonly treated with antibiotics or antimicrobials. The type of medication and length of treatment will depend on the patient's symptoms and history.

The full course of treatment should always be completed for UTIs to make sure that the infection is fully clear, and to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance. UTI symptoms can disappear before the infection has completely gone.

Drinking lots of fluids and frequently urinating are always recommended for people who have UTIs as this helps to flush out the bacteria. A variety of pain relief medications may be prescribed to alleviate pain. Applying a heating pad to the back or abdomen can also help.